Biodiversity Information Science and Standards : Conference Abstract
Conference Abstract
Towards Interlinked FAIR Biodiversity Knowledge: The BiCIKL perspective
expand article infoLyubomir Penev‡,§, Dimitrios Koureas|,, Quentin Groom#, Jerry Lanfear¤, Donat Agosti«, Ana Casino», Joe Miller˄, Christos Arvanitidis˅, Guy Cochrane¦, Boris Barov, Donald Hobernˀ, Olaf Bankiˁ, Wouter Addink|,, Urmas Kõljalg, Patrick Ruch, Kyle Copas˄, Patricia Mergen#,, Anton Güntsch, Laurence Benichou, Jose Benito Gonzalez Lopez
‡ Pensoft Publishers, Sofia, Bulgaria
§ Institute of Biodiversity & Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
| Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands
¶ Distributed System of Scientific Collections - DiSSCo, Leiden, Netherlands
# Meise Botanic Garden, Meise, Belgium
¤ ELIXIR Europe, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom
« Plazi, Bern, Switzerland
» CETAF, Brussels, Belgium
˄ Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen, Denmark
˅ LifeWatch ERIC, Seville, Spain
¦ Head of European Nucleotide Archive; EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom
ˀ International Barcode of Life, Canberra, Australia
ˁ Catalogue of Life, Leiden, Netherlands
₵ University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
ℓ Swiss Bioinformatics Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland
₰ Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium
₱ Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
₳ National Museum of Natural History, Paris, France
₴ CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
Open Access


The Horizon 2020 project Biodiversity Community Integrated Knowledge Library (BiCIKL) (started 1st of May 2021, duration 3 years) will build a new European community of key research infrastructures, researchers, citizen scientists and other stakeholders in biodiversity and life sciences. Together, the BiCIKL 14 partners will solidify open science practices by providing access to data, tools and services at each stage of, and along the entire biodiversity research and data life cycle (specimens, sequences, taxon names, analytics, publications, biodiversity knowledge graph) (Fig. 1, see also the BiCIKL kick-off presentation through Suppl. material 1), in compliance with the FAIR (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable) data principles. The existing services provided by the participating infrastructures will expand through development and adoption of shared, common or interoperable domain standards, resulting in liberated and enhanced flows of data and knowledge across these domains.

Figure 1.

BiCIKL vision on access to and linkages between biodiversity data classes and their corresponding research infrastructures along the research life cycle.

BiCIKL puts a special focus on the biodiversity literature. Over the span of the project, BiCIKL will develop new methods and workflows for semantic publishing and integrated access to harvesting, liberating, linking, and re-using sub-article-level data extracted from literature (i.e., specimens, material citations, sequences, taxonomic names, taxonomic treatments, figures, tables).

Data linkages may be realised with different technologies (e.g., data warehousing, linking between FAIR Data Objects, Linked Open Data) and can be bi-lateral (between two data infrastructures) or multi-lateral (among multiple data infrastructures). The main challenge of BiCIKL is to design, develop and implement a FAIR Data Place (FDP), a central tool for search, discovery and management of interlinked FAIR data across different domains.

The key final output of BiCIKL will the future Biodiversity Knowledge Hub (BKH), a one-stop portal, providing access to the BiCIKL services, tools and workflows, beyond the lifetime of the project.


FAIR biodiversity data, data linking, research infrastructures, specimens, sequences, taxon names, literature

Presenting author

Lyubomir Penev

Presented at

TDWG 2021

Funding program

The BiCIKL project receives funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Action under grant agreement No 101007492.

Grant title

BiCIKL - Biodiversity Community Integrated Knowledge Library

Supplementary material

Suppl. material 1: The BiCIKL (Biodiversity Community Integrated Knowledge Library) Project Presentation: Goals and Ambitions 
Authors:  Lyubomir Penev & The BiCIKL Consortium
Data type:  Presentation (PDF)
Brief description: 

This presentation describes the rationale, mission, goals and ambitions of the BiCIKL (Biodiversity Community Integrated Knowledge Library) EU Horizon 2020 project (started 1st of May 2021, duration 3 years).