Knowledge of species is rooted in organismal observations, and created via the flow of information from nomenclature (naming species) to taxonomy (defining species boundaries and relationships). Current practice is to label observational data by names alone; however, curating the lines of evidence that represent the conceptual meanings of those names, and how those meanings differ among authors through time, will allow for more accurate data labeling and aggregation (i.e., taxonomic intelligence).

  Part of: Upham NS, Powell C, Prado LR, Franz N, Sterner B (2022) Extended Taxonomic Curation: Moving beyond species lists to linking species data. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards 6: e93670.